Nephrology is specialty of medicine concerned with kidney physiology, kidney disease, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy. Systemic conditions that affect the kidneys (e.g. diabetes and autoimmune disease) and systemic problems that occur as a result of kidney problems are also studied in nephrology.

The department of nephrology and kidney transplantation provides comprehensive health care for patients with different types of kidney diseases like acute or chronic kidney failure, kidney diseases due to diabetes mellitus, hypertension, kidney stone disease, infections, hereditary illnesses and poisonings etc.